DR 7-106 Trial Conduct.
A. A lawyer shall not disregard or advise his client to disregard a standing rule of a
tribunal or a ruling of a tribunal made in the course of a proceeding, but he may take
appropriate steps in good faith to test the validity of such rule or ruling.
B. In presenting a matter to a tribunal, a lawyer shall disclose:
- Legal authority in the controlling jurisdiction known to him to be directly adverse to
the position of his client and which is not disclosed by opposing counsel.
- Unless privileged or irrelevant, the identities of the clients he represents and of the
persons who employed him.
C. In appearing in his professional capacity before a tribunal, a lawyer shall not:
- State or allude to any matter that he has no reasonable basis to believe is relevant to
the case or that will not be supported by admissible evidence.
- Ask any question that he has no reasonable basis to believe is relevant to the case and
that is intended to degrade a witness or other person.
- Assert his personal knowledge of the facts in issue, except when testifying as a
- Assert his personal opinion as to the justness of the culpability of a civil litigant,
or as to the guilt or innocence of an accused, but he may argue, on conclusion with
respect to the matters stated herein.
- Fail to comply with known local customs of courtesy or practice of the bar or a
particular tribunal without giving to opposing counsel timely notice of his intent not to
- Engage in undignified or discourteous conduct which is degrading to a tribunal.
- Intentionally or habitually violate any established rule of procedure or of evidence.